Steel Density And Other Common Metals

Below is a metal density table for common metals. Density is defined as a object’s mass per volume. To calculate Density, you need to know the object’s Mass (in grams or pounds) and its Volume (size).

The equation for material density is:

Metal Density Table and Formula

Symbol for Densityis the symbol for Density. The letter “D” is often used.

Symbol for Massis the symbol for Mass.

Symbol for Volumeis the symbol for Volume.

Metal or Alloy
Density (kg/m3) / (lb/ft3) **
Actinium
10070 / 629
Admiralty Brass
8525 / 532
Aluminum
2712 / 169
Aluminum – melted
2560 – 2640 / 160 – 165
Aluminum – 1100
2720 / 170
Aluminum – 6061
2720 / 170
Aluminum – 7050
2800 / 175
Aluminum – 7178
2830 / 177
Aluminum bronze (3-10% Al)
7700 – 8700 / 481 – 543
Aluminum foil
2700 -2750 / 169
Antifriction metal
9130 -10600 / 570
Antimony
6690 / 418
Babbitt
7272 / 454
Barium
3594 / 224
Beryllium
1840 / 115
Beryllium copper
8100 – 8250 / 506 – 515
Bismuth
9750 / 609
Brass – casting
8400 – 8700 / 524 – 543
Brass – rolled and drawn
8430 – 8730 / 526 – 545
Brass 60/40
8520 / 532
Bronze – lead
7700 – 8700 / 481 – 543
Bronze – phosphorous
8780 – 8920 / 548 -557
Bronze (8-14% Sn)
7400 – 8900 / 462 – 556
Brushed metal
7860 / 491
Cadmium
8640 / 539
Caesium
1873 / 117
Calcium
1540 / 96.1
Cast iron
6800 – 7800 / 425 – 487
Cerium
6770 / 423
Chemical Lead
11340 / 708
Chromium
7190 / 449
Cobalt
8746 / 546
Constantan
8920 / 557
Columbium
8600 / 537
Constantan
8880 / 557
Copper
8940 / 558
Cupronickel
8908 – 8940 / 556 – 558
Delta metal
8600 / 537
Duralumin
2790 / 174
Electrum
8400 – 8900 / 524 – 556
Eroded metal
7860 / 491
Europium
5243 / 327
Gallium
5907 / 369
Germanium
5323 / 332
Gold
19320 / 1206
Hafnium
13310 / 831
Hatelloy
9245 / 577
Indium
7310 / 456
Inconel
8497 / 501
Incoloy
8027 / 501
Iridium
22650 / 1414
Iron
7850 / 490
Lanthanum
6145 / 384
Lead
11340 / 708
Light alloy based on Al
2560 – 2800 / 160 – 175
Light alloy based on Mg
1760 – 1870 / 110 – 117
Lithium
534 / 33.3
Magnesium
1738 / 109
Manganese
7440 / 464
Manganese Bronze
8359 / 522
Manganin
8500 / 531
Mercury
13593 / 849
Molybdenum
10188 / 636
Monel
8360 – 8840 / 522 – 552
Neodymium
7007 / 437
Nichrome
8400 / 524
Nickel
8908 / 556
Nickel 20
8090 / 505
Nickel 200
8890 / 555
Nickel silver
8400 – 8900 / 524 – 556
Nickeline
8770 / 548
Nimonic
8100 / 506
Niobium
8570 / 535
Osmium
22610 1412
Palladium
12160 / 759
Phosphor bronze
8900 / 556
Platinum
21400 / 1336
Plutonium
19816 / 1237
Red Brass
8746 / 546
Silver
10490 / 655
Sodium
971 / 60.6
Solder 50/50 Pb Sn
8885 / 555
Stainless Steel
7480 – 8000 / 467 – 499
Steel
7850 / 490
Tin
7280 / 454
Titanium
4500 / 281
Tungsten
19600 / 1224
Uranium
18900 / 1180
Vanadium
5494 / 343
White metal
7100 / 443
Wrought Iron
7750 / 484
Zinc
7135 / 445
Zirconium
6570 / 410
Yellow Brass
8470 / 529

** Conversions

1 kg/m3 is equivalent to:

= 0.001 g/cm3 (exactly)
≈ 0.06243 lb/ft3 (approximately)
≈ 0.1335 oz/gal (approximately)

g/cm3 = 1000 kg/m3 = 1,000,000 g/m3 (exactly)

lb/ft3 ≈ 16.02 kg/m3 (approximately)

oz/gal ≈ 7.489 kg/m3 (approximately)

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